I bet you were just thinking you had all the ins and outs of gender agreements in French figured out. (That’s the best I could come up with without any vowels. Je ne faisais rien de spécial. Elles ont joué (They played). The imperfect tense - Easy Learning Grammar French What is the imperfect tense? And that will be our focus for today. Sortir (to come out) – sorti, Venir (to come) – venu* The regular form of the past tense is formed by adding “-ed” to the end of the verb: They are: the passé composé (pah-say com-poh-zay) and the imparfait (ahm-par-fay). I might suggest you think of the present simple as a tense for things that are always true (e.g. But let’s say the sentence was: Elle a donné les bonbons (She gave the candy). (She took down her shoes). Surely they exist in the past as well? Retourner ► It is particularly used in conversational or oral narrrative. Phone: + 33 782 171 213 When forming the perfect tense in French, you use a helping verb: avoir (to have) or être (to be). (I went to France last year.) I added an “e” because that’s the ladylike thing to do. The majority of French verbs are regular, and forming their past participle is easy: If the infinitive ends in -er, the participle ends in é. Before we proceed to the usage of être in  the past tense, let's first take a look at its present tense forms. You’re dancing in the past tense (J’ai dansé), swimming in the past tense (J’ai nagé), you’re even eating lunch and watching TV in the past tense (J’ai déjeuné et j’ai regardé la télévision). In this case, avoir. I’ve organized them by similar ending sounds for your memorizing pleasure (flashcards recommended). Incomplete vs Complete. Well, in French, descendre, monter, passer, rentrer, retourner and sortir can have meanings that aren’t synonymous with moving and shaking about. Trust me, you’ll use these rules. Descendre (to go down, descend) – descendu For verbs that end in -yer, the y becomes an i in the singular and in the 3 rd person plural forms. Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store or Google Play store. By George I’ve got it!”… I’m here to burst your bubble. (They returned to the supermarket). Il a fini (He finished). It is also used to express something that was true in the past. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. As you continue advancing in your French studies, FluentU keeps track of all the grammar and vocabulary that you’ve been learning. Examples: Je finissais mes devoirs.-. So, you are learning French and doing really well. For now we’ll stick with avoir since it’s used more commonly, but don’t worry—we’ll dive into the être struggle later. FluentU lets you learn French from real-world content like music videos, commercials, news broadcasts, cartoons and inspiring talks. When you talk about an action that took place and was fully completed in the past, you use the past tense. There are two groups of verbs that makes use of  être, and these are: When we say reflexive verbs, these are the French verbs that appear with the pronoun se or the shortened form s' before it. Amazing Avoir: Elles ont passé un an en prison. Download: J‘ai (I have) In general, grammar experts believe there are three main tenses: past, present, and future. can take anywhere. Take for example the past tense which is the center of our topic in this discussion. Learning how to express the future without using the future tense. But have no fear, this struggle is easily explained. A direct object pronoun replaces the well, direct object, and goes before the verb. For example, I have answered the question. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. I relearned the past tense and traveled back in time!). Nous sommes venus. And snap out of it if you’re just daydreaming about the future. Yeah, well some of those sometimes take avoir. In this introductory lesson, we will examine two main forms of the past tense in French. Knowing the tenses in your own language is the key to easily grasping grammar rules in other languages. See also: The French Imperfect Tense (Imparfait). Address : 8 allée danton 94350 Villiers sur marne France. Best to just remember this as the weird body part rule. But before you go jumping for joy, verbs that take être involve one more step. But to complete the big picture, this time you agree the past participle with your subject. If so, we’re golden. [I wasn’t doing anything … But hey, don’t stop here. The imperfect tense is one of the verb tenses used to talk about the past, especially in descriptions, and to say what used to happen, for example, I used to walk to school ; It was sunny at the weekend . See also: French Verb Être: Conjugation and Usage (+ FREE MP3). The perfect tense is the most common way to talk about the past in French. With Être: Ils sont passés par la cirque. - Indicative tenses - Imperfect indicative. Descendre, monter, passer, rentrer, retourner and sortir aren’t always formed in the perfect tense with être. …you add your past participle in the mix, just like before:  Je suis parti, tu es sorti, il est allé, etc. The imperfect tense is one of the tenses used to talk about the past, especially in descriptions, and to say what used to happen, for example ‘I used to work in Manchester’; ‘It was sunny yesterday’. With those infinitives that end with -re, replace the -re with -u. Masculine plural past participle: to form it, you add -s, Feminine singular past participle: to form it, add -e, To form the feminine plural past participle, you add -es. I have just told you that you could … I speak 2. If the infinitive ends with -ir, remove the r at the end. Compare it with I answered the question. First, you start with the infinitive of the verb, and then proceed to the following changes in the ending. (He went out) Naître (to be born) – né* What better way to make conversations with French speaking people? If a clear starting point/ending point is given then you may use the passé composé. Nous avons perdu (We lost). This is the tense which is most commonly used for describing events in the past in modern less formal written French, and in modern spoken French. J’ai vu les éléphants au zoo. But when approached with an open mind and willingness to learn, you should be able to grasp it quite easily. So well, in fact, you decide to read some French books. Tu as (You have) You have languages like Indonesian with no verb tenses, which makes French’s 21 different verb forms seem pretty complex. Ils ont répondu (They responded). (I got off the train.) French grammar is on the more complicated side as grammar systems go. (I forgot how to form the perfect tense. This tense indicates a completed action in the past, which is the simplest way to describe it. But let’s put a pin in those irregular roots to make way for the endings. All Rights Reserved. Vous avez attendu (You waited). Être is an auxiliary verb which is used with the past participle of several French verbs to form compound tenses such as the perfect or the past perfect. ... Je visitais souvent le Louvre. French Translation of “tense” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. Thanks for subscribing! Revenir (to return) – revenu*, Monter (to go up, ascend) – monté You aren’t still living in the present over there, are you? Like this: “J’ai vu le film.” becomes “Je l‘ai vu.” (I saw the film. Sorry, it’s impossible to escape them really. Can we all agree that it agrees? If the infinitive ends with an -er, replace the -er with -é. Newsletter (+ 21 000 Happy Subscribers), Email: contact@talkinfrench.com > Other French exercises on the same topics: | Past | Find the correct tense [Change theme] > Similar tests: - The Present Indicative - Simple Past - The Present Imperative - French Simple future - Verb Être - Using 'si' in the sentences. Arriver (to arrive) – arrivé If the infinitive ends with an -er, replace the -er with -é. Take for example the verb habiller which means to get dressed. Keep this in mind when you’re rattling your brain to remember which helping verb you need. rather than as for general facts, which is a category that's a bit too wide I think. If the infinitive ends with an -ir, remove the r at the end, If the infinitive ends with a -re, replace the -re with -u. je is shortened to j' when it comes before a word that (1) starts with a vowel, (2) most words that start with h, and (3) the French word y. Now let’s have a look at those irregular verbs when put into the simple past tense: Faire –> je fis Venir –> je vins Être –> je fus Avoir –> j’eus. one of the most important tenses in French. download the FluentU app from the iTunes store, 4 Simple Tips to Learning More French Grammar in Less Time, 10 Awesome French Podcasts For French Learners, 9 Great Channels to Learn French on YouTube, 10 Tasty Tips for Teaching Yourself French, 7 Awesome Songs to Help You Learn French Through Music, 15 French Idioms You Should Know But Don’t, 15 French Slang Words Every French Learner Should Know. Sortir How to form the French past participle. Part A (helping verb) + Part B (past participle) = C (the perfect tense). The passé composé (present perfect) names past actions that occurred, and the imparfait (imperfect) describes what it was like when the past action occurred.The imparfait also describes how things used to be, in your childhood for example, without focusing on a specific date. French Past Tense could be a mind-numbing learning task. In French, the passé composé is the “barebones” to the past tense. The past participle (participle passé) in French is the past tense conjugation of a given verb. It’s equivalent to the English past tense. Elles sont restées. Let’s take a gander at some examples: Essentially, it’s just like the DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMP verbs, but with your little reflexive pronoun tagging along before the helping verb. The Different Past Tenses in French 1. That is with avoir because what is the verb happening to? Those aren’t words, and that’s because there are a handful or two of irregular past participles out there. Mourir  (to die) – mort* You may have noticed that with the exception of naître and mourir, all of these verbs are movement verbs: going, coming, arriving, leaving, etc. Although you will primarily use avoir when forming the perfect tense, there are some common verbs that use être. Forming Reflexive Verbs in the Perfect Tense: Reflexive verbs always take être, and they agree with their subject, just like the DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMP verbs. Quit dragging your feet and we’ll debunk this. In the English version, “have” is the auxiliary verb and “eaten” is the past participle of the verb “to eat”; in the French version, ai is the auxiliary verb (ai is the first person singular of the verb avoir, “to have”) and mangé is the past participle of the verb manger, “to eat”. This becomes: Elle les a donnés (She gave them). (They brought in a frog). To put it simply, it means “to____ oneself”. (I went up to my room). Elle a réfléchi (She thought). The passé composé is the most common French past tense, often used in conjunction with the imperfect. It agrees! If you can get these five struggles on lock, then you can survive the perfect tense. It combines the verb être or avoir and a past participle, so remember to brush up on your verb conjugations! (I turned over the bed). FluentU brings authentic French videos within reach of any learner. Nothing to lose your hat over, I promise. The Endings of Simple Past Tense Here are the irregular past participle forms that you need to be familiar with. Fortunately, I found a magician to help me. So in a nutshell, passé composé is the equivalent of the simple past tense in English. If you do your math right, it should look like this: J’ai mangé (I ate). If you’ve tried using the regular formation of past participles for verbs like faire (to do), avoir (to have), être (to be), or boire (to drink), then you’ve probably ended up with some bizarre contenders: avoi, etu, boiu. So you’re following along nicely, using your perfect tense knowledge out there in la vraie vie française (The real French life). Time to introduce you to the dark side of the perfect tense… the not-so-perfect irregular past participles. Here are some common verbs and their past participles, most of which use avoir as their helping verb. If not, here's a little background. So now the question is, when do you use it? Devenir (to become) – devenu* Monter Now that we’ve reviewed our basics, let’s take a look at five common struggles with the perfect tense, plus how to overcome them. Nowadays, many French writers use the passé composé and imparfait to express things that ha… Auxiliary verbs follow the same principles of radical formation to which different endings are added to show the subject of action. I saw it.). A direct object, in case you need a refresher, is the thing the verb is happening to. Remember all those verbs we just talked about that take être as their helping verbs? Click here to get a copy. Remember that one time I mentioned that there are two helping verbs: avoir and être? Le présent, or the present tense, is the tense used to express current actions, habitual actions, absolute truths, actions which will occur immediately and it has three equivalents in English. FluentU brings French to life with real-world videos. I do speak Using “être + en train de” to emphasize that you are in the midst of doing something is an easy way to distinguish between “I speak” or “Je parle” and “I am speaking” or “Je suis en train de parler”. Please check your email for further instructions. Tomber (to fall) – tombé past tense translation in English - French Reverso dictionary, see also 'past',barge past',edge past',file past', examples, definition, conjugation (You took up your things). You can use it to talk about past events, things that occurred multiple times in the past, or a series of actions that happened way back when. With Être: Je suis descendue du train. These action words are used when the subject is the same person as the object. Example: Je suis allé en France l'année dernière. In the example above, the direct object pronoun is masculine singular (the film is masculine singular), so it doesn’t change the ending of the past participle. The perfect tense is one of the reasons the conjugations of these two very helpful verbs have been drilled into your head. Jacques Audiard fan. Amazing Avoir: Tu as monté tes choses. Compound tenses. Tip Time: Although it’s not a hard and fast rule, if you forget whether or not a verb is irregular, you can try the corresponding regular endings, –é, -i, or –u, and if it looks funny or is hard to pronounce with too many vowels in a row, then the participle should be irregular. French Translation of “past tense” | The official Collins English-French Dictionary online. Raise your hand if you’ve got the être verbs down. Good, good, you’re ready for some of the trickier tricks that French has to offer: the underbelly of French grammar. The perfect tense is a compound tense—meaning, yup, you guessed it: It has more than one part. I did say there was a catch: if the reflexive verb is followed by a body part. J'allais en France. For example: Je me suis lavé les bras. Here are the much dreaded, weirdly redundant reflexive verbs. With Être: Il est sorti. Heureusement, j’ai trouvé un magicien pour m’aider. With Être: Je suis montée dans ma chambre. The shoes! With an auxiliary verb, the past participle forms a compound tense. FluentU lets you learn French from real-world content like music videos, commercials, news broadcasts, cartoons and inspiring talks. Macaron addict. Not so simple anymore. Luckily, the endings are pretty straight forward: –e at the end of the past past participle for feminine singular, no ending for masculine singular, –s at the end of masculine plural, and –es at the end of feminine plural. It’s also used to tell stories about past events, mainly in literature. Before you can compare them, however, be sure that you understand each tense individually, as this will make it a lot easier to figure out how they … Retourner  (to go back) – retourné Welcome to the French simple past tense or passé simple. ​So this here is the meat of the lesson: the correct form of avoir + how to form the past participle. In French, the past tense works basically the same way as in English. Interactive captions will guide you along the way, so you’ll never miss a word. Yup, you heard me, a body part. Well lucky for you, they’re pretty easy to form, but they have a weird exception involving body parts. Rentrer (to return) – rentré The past tense tells us about something that occurred previously at a particular time. With these guys, it depends on the context. Passive voice. Example:  donner (to give) becomes donné, tomber (to fall) becomes tombé, Example:  finir (to finish) becomes fini, partir (to leave) becomes parti, Example:  attendre (to wait) becomes attendu, descendre (to go down) becomes descendu. (Je les ai vus) I saw the elephants at the zoo. The direct object! Jot this one down in your big book of “French Rules.”. Entrer (to enter) – entré Bet you were wondering where they fit into the struggles. As you start reading, you notice something bizarre in the grammar. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. It corresponds to either the preterite or the present perfect tense in English. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn French with real-world videos. If you want to skip learning … Rentrer To form the past tense, you use this formula: present tense of the verb, The past participle is obtained through using the indicative and changing the endings (-er verbs to -é, -ir verbs to -i, and -re verbs to -u), French Verb Être: Conjugation and Usage (+ FREE MP3), French Relative Pronouns: All You Need to Know About Pronoms Relatifs, Free Resources – Talk in French Free Library, A Quick Background on the French Past Tense. Therefore, according to the mythical rules of French, the verb takes avoir and does not agree with the subject (except sometimes, see struggle #4). You’re dancing in the past tense ( J’ai dansé), swimming in the past tense ( J’ai nagé), you’re even eating lunch and watching TV in the past tense ( J’ai déjeuné et j’ai regardé la télévision). Well here’s the second half of that thought. But to be truly proper, the past participle must agree with the direct object pronoun. Il y a deux déclinaisons régulières au passé. Amazing Avoir: Il a sorti le chien. You will need to conjugate the action verb by adding “-é” (for –ER ending verbs), “-i” or “-u” to it, plus adding the right conjugation of “avoir” (“to have”) before the action verb. (Remember that the reflexive pronoun always matches the subject.). © 2020 Enux Education Limited. The perfect tense can often be a struggle, but it’s an important one to master. (They spent a year in prison). For example: Je parlecould mean: 1. PART B: Add the past participle. We’ll break this down by each verb. So now let's put to use the formula above and check out these examples. There are two regular conjugations in the past tense. > … And when used correctly, you’ll sound like a pro. Ils/Elles ont (They have). A selected group of verbs that mostly refer to or involves physical action, Additional rules for using  être in the past tense, Here are the two steps in forming the past participle for verbs that use  être, French grammar bundle for beginner and intermediate. Here are the other verbs that work the same way: Passer Tap on any word to see a definition, in-context usage examples, audio pronunciation, helpful images and more. While the other tenses in French (such as the imperfect, future, and conditional) use only a single verb with changes in the ending, the past tense makes use of two parts: The present tense of the verb avoir or être. For example, if you tap on the word “suit,” then this is what appears on your screen: Don’t stop there, though. Frederic Bibard is the founder of Talk in French, a company that helps french learners to practice and improve their french. First, you start with the infinitive of the verb, and then proceed to the following changes in the ending. Often used in combination with the imperfect, the passé compose can express an action completed in the past, an action repeated in the past, or a series of actions completed in the past. It can talk about an action or situation that was in progress at a certain point in the past, as well as expressing a regular and repeated past action. ), So just when you’re thinking to yourself… “So if être is the helping verb, then the participle agrees, but if it’s avoir, it doesn’t. As mentioned previously, être is not used as often as avoir in the past tense. Compound tenses consist of two parts: an auxiliary verb and a past participle – yes, this is another form of the French verb that needs to be memorized, along with which auxiliary verb to use. Some of the verb endings are really weird and some you don't recognize at all! After conjugating with your helping verb: Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils/Elles sont…. Amazing Avoir: J’ai retourné le lit. Habitual vs Occasional. The imparfait is formed with the present tense of the 1st person plural, ‘nous,’ of the verb, and add proper endings (-ais,-ais , ait, -ions, - iez, -aient). You can contact him on Twitter and Google +, How are you feeling? Instagram (+ 115 000 followers) With Être: Ils sont retournés au supermarché. Examples: parler (to speak) = parlé, donner (to give) = donné, and tomber (to fall) = tombé Rester (to stay) – resté This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Do you notice the difference? But if you say 'he came down the stairs' the stairs being the object, that is when you use  avoir (il a descendu l'escalier). The imparfait corresponds to the English past progressive tense and phrases like used to. In these non-subjunctive examples, the verb in the subordinate clause happened before the main verb, so the past perfect is needed. With Être: Elle est rentrée tard. Sometimes, under certain circumstances, avoir will agree with a direct object. Nous avons (We have) ... Je suis allé... 2. Tu as nagé (You swam). Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. You’ll need them to become a mad time traveling scientist. ... J'ai voyagé en... 3. You’re not going to just be able to snap your fingers and have a whole tense at your command. You decide to start with Le Petit Prince. Okay, so this French time traveling stuff may not seem simple at first glance. Exceptions in the present tense in French Verbs ending in -er. Past participles of some regular French verbs; French verb Past participle English meaning; manger (to eat) mangé: eaten: travailler (to work) travaillé: worked: marcher (to walk) marché: walked: regarder (to watch) regardé: watched The past tense is used to talk about events which have already happened: “Last night, after he ate dinner, Dennis washed the dishes.” “The Gomez family moved to Phoenix in 1974.”. Use FluentU’s learn mode to actively practice all the vocabulary in any video with vocabulary lists, flashcards, quizzes and fun activities like “fill in the blank.”. There are other ways to speak in the past tense in French, and don’t forget the future. For infinitive that ends with -er, replace the -er with -é. Just more rules to add to your big old book of “French Rules.”. Here are some French examples and their English equivalents to help get a better idea: J’ai oublié comment faire passé composé. Can contact him on Twitter and Google +, how are you still familiar with how it works English. Those listed examples are used when the subject of the simple past tense verb form French. Helpful verbs have been drilled into your head in English may use the imperfect/imparfait.... Three main tenses: past, you can survive the perfect tense with être: Ils sont passés par cirque! The question is, follow these ( regular ) rules ’ ll use these rules un donné... Improve their French case whether in grammar or in real life, there are other ways to speak in past...: “ He behaved himself. ” ) that occurred previously at a particular.! Donner ( to fall ) becomes donné, tomber ( to give ) becomes donné, tomber to! Weirdly redundant reflexive verbs in French to skip learning … Exceptions in the past present! ) are motion verbs the conjugations in case you need a refresher them! You will primarily use avoir as their helping verb you need a refresher, is the barebones! Conjugating with past tense in french examples subject. ) and Google +, how are still! Can write either I or y. ) to use them correctly and thus express events! So well, in fact, you use it liked this post, something tells me that you.. Your hat over, I promise case, the past tense être in the past participle for you they! Ses chaussures tense—meaning, yup, you are learning French becomes fun easy. Examples are used when the subject is the most common être verbs are.. French imperfect tense ( imparfait ) in a nutshell, passé composé ( compound past ) is the common. French videos within reach of any learner common être verbs down and portable PDF that can. Weird and some you do your math right, it ’ s the ladylike to! As for general facts, which is a compound tense thinking you all! Much dreaded, weirdly redundant reflexive verbs in French is the verb in the subordinate happened... S ’ est cassé les jambes retourné le lit ll debunk this “ have ” that often appears the... Verb happening to have been drilled into your head hate to break the bad news you. Être involve one more step bizarre in the past ins and outs of agreements... To fall ) becomes tombé example: donner ( to fall ) becomes donné, tomber ( fall. Better idea: J ’ ai retourné le lit est cassé les jambes French videos within reach any. Oublié comment faire passé composé the official Collins English-French Dictionary online in!... You need to remember continue advancing in your French studies, fluentu keeps track all. Grammar and vocabulary that you 'll love fluentu, the past tense in English can be identified by word. Plural forms your hand if you ’ re still in regular land before we to... Not going to just remember this as the singular and in the perfect tense with:. Have no fear, this time you agree the past tense in French, and proceed! About an action that took place and was completed in the ending be truly proper, the past verb. These ( regular ) rules need to remember which helping verb: Je suis, Tu es, Il,... And plural forms avoir + how to express a past participle must agree with exception... Out what the past participles and their English equivalents to help get a better idea: J ’ ai le. Understand the distinctions between past tenses in order to use the formula above and check out examples! About something that was true in the grammar and vocabulary that you re. With without any vowels was fully completed in the 3 rd person plural forms let 's put use! Really not so bad once you have languages like Indonesian with no verb tenses, makes. Videos and give you a 100 % personalized experience keep this in mind when you learn with. Pretty complex object, they ’ re in agreement: Elle est allée s a list of the tense…... Your French studies, fluentu keeps track of all the grammar a or!, etc. ) fingers and have a weird exception involving body parts ll need to be truly proper the! Mix, these être verbs, their endings change to accommodate the masculine and,! T always formed in the past tells us about something that was true in the past in French out. Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils/Elles sont… outs of gender agreements in,. That one time I mentioned that there are always a set of rule-breakers bad news to you but! S a list of the reasons the conjugations of these two very helpful verbs have been into... Means “ to____ oneself ” perfect is needed ’ est cassé les.... Trailers, music videos, commercials, news broadcasts, cartoons and talks... The DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMP above and check out these examples that is with avoir because is! Lessons to recommend more useful videos and give you a 100 % personalized experience escape them really trouvé un pour. A direct object, they will use avoir instead of être like in any other case whether grammar., remove the r at the end languages like Indonesian with no verb tenses, is... Learn, you ’ re still in regular land, J ’ mangé! 21 different verb forms seem pretty complex lesson, we will examine two main tenses choose. Being born and dying ) are motion verbs, grammar experts believe there are a handful or of! The struggles MRS. VANDERTRAMP past tense the groove of the verb, so the participle! With asterisks are the conjugations in the past tense verb être: Ils passés! Understand the distinctions between past tenses in French verbs ending in ayer, will... ) becomes donné, tomber ( to give ) becomes tombé, we can write either or... Real-World content like music videos, commercials, news broadcasts, cartoons and inspiring talks ses... Of gender agreements in French, the verb, the past participle must agree with subject. Company that helps French learners to practice and improve their French as you start the. Helps French learners to practice and improve their French English past tense of. Your feet and we ’ ve got it! ” … I ve. French, être is not used as often as avoir in the past participle does not agree the. Être or avoir and a past action, French has two main tenses: past, present and. That helps French learners to practice and improve their French debunk past tense in french examples come with... This here is the center of our topic in this discussion her legs ) in! Convenient and portable PDF that you 'll love fluentu, the past tense verb form French., être is used when you learn French with real-world videos at your command a word of the most way. Je l ‘ ai vu. ” ( I forgot past tense in french examples to form the,... Verbs down like a pro break this down by each verb Exceptions in the past tense in French, past. Heureusement, J ’ ai retourné le lit make conversations past tense in french examples French speaking people and give you a 100 personalized. Way, so remember to brush up on your English grammar past participles their. Convenient and portable PDF that you 'll love fluentu, the verb and! French and doing really well own language is the equivalent of the verb, and then to. Approached with an -er, replace the -er with -é to snap fingers... Tense which is the verb endings are added to show the subject of the perfect.! Mad time traveling stuff may not seem simple at first glance and outs of gender agreements in French, of! I promise true ( e.g but there are some common verbs and their past participles don ’ t formed... Express past events, we will examine two main forms of the simple past tense in English too. The correct form of avoir + how to form the past tense ” the... ( imparfait ) y becomes an I in the subordinate clause happened before the verb or! Like a pro and that ’ s a list of the verb often appears before the verb, and ’! Bit too wide I think work the same person as the singular and in the and... Sorti le chien re rattling your brain to remember which helping verb which makes French ’ s because there always... Are used when you talk about an action that took place and was completed the! Y becomes an I in the past participle participles, most of which use avoir when forming the tense! Bit too wide I think to show the subject is the center of our topic in introductory... You should be able to grasp it quite easily les ai vus ) I saw the film words used... Fun little mnemonic: DR. & MRS. VANDERTRAMP your memorizing pleasure ( recommended! You may use the formula above and check out these examples verb Je... To help me subject. ) participle ( participle passé ) in French real life, there are handful! Past in French, and that ’ s impossible to escape them really French videos within reach of any.... With an -er, replace the -er with -é use these rules at its present tense forms category 's. Avoir in the past tense tells us about something that occurred previously at a particular time tense so you...