to sleep. Example: Zij hoort hem praten. Alice confessed stealing the money from her sister. afford. 1 THE INFINITIVE Recognize an infinitive when you find one. We cannot afford to hesitate. Manage. worry about. Peter deserves to have his time off this week. An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. STEP 3: Verbs + DE + infinitive. "I love to eat. She wishes to visit her parents in Ireland. I advise saving a little money every month. They mentioned buying a new car last week. 175 Useful Words That Start With D in English, 168 Useful Words That Start with B in English, List of 100+ Intransitive Verbs | Useful Intransitive Verb Examples, Popular Prepositional Phrases in English – IN, ON, AT, BY, OUT, 100+ Useful Words That Rhyme With Time in English, 500+ Words that Start with H with Useful Examples, Rhyming Words | List of 70+ Interesting …, Business Vocabulary | List of 11 Important …, Different Ways of Asking For Permission and Responding, Rhyming Words | List of 70+ Interesting Words that Rhyme in English. The students escaped taking the test because the fire alarm rang. Infinitive is formed by adding to with a verb that acts as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb in a sentence. We endured listening to him for three hours. The company endeavors to provide the best possible service. The infinitive ( el infinitivo) is the most basic form of a Spanish verb. To review some additional lessons on Spanish verbs in their many forms, take a look at the following lessons: Hij zag haar rennen. List of verbs followed by the to -infinitive. To make things worse, some verbs may be followed by both forms. They recommend purchasing insurance with this product. Appear. Everything depends on the first verb, so let’s have a look at some of these general patterns. Offer. agree: She agreed to give a presentation at the meeting. Can you afford to buy that sweater? Just like gerund, it is a named verb that can be used in the case of a subject or object in a sentence. STEP 2: Verbs + À + infinitive . They forgave stealing the candy as the children didn’t know it was wrong. Categories of verbs which are followed by the infinitive and/or -ing verbs. to say you will do a bad thing to someone. Common verbs followed by a gerund, an infinitive, or both are listed in this useful reference. We’ll celebrate working together for over 50 years. Average: 3.4 (53 votes) Fri, 11/01/2013 - 10:04 — Chris McCarthy. agree. Ex: to buy, to work. She began to sing. The following list provides verbs that are immediately followed by the infinitive form of another verb (verb + to do). She cares to comment about the situation. View or print PDFs. Tom can’t help complaining about the heat. Need. The verb dare can be followed by the infinitive with or without to: Verb (+ to) + infinitive. M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music, B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music. Consult the lists below to find out which form to use following which verbs. afford I can't afford to go on vacation this summer. Start studying GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES: VERB LIST. Dan shirked paying for the children’s meal. think about. to physically react to something you do not like. Having a good vocabulary …, What are the power verbs? Frank strove to meet all the demands of his boss. Verbs Followed by Infinitives in English! Verb patterns in English grammar tell us whether to use the infinitive or the gerund after certain words. They supported our going to the doctor for help. Jack risks making everyone angry with his stupid statements. We keep studying the same grammar every week. I love to read about food. help Can you help me to carry these boxes? succeed in. The children learned to do many things at camp this summer. 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning. Dianne tends to waste time on the telephone. I urge spending some time learning the program. The list below is provided to …, Words That Start With E! Many students resist studying more than two hours a day. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do.The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. Here is the important verbs that are followed by infinitives: Words that Rhyme in English! Dan means to speak with you this evening. The store discontinued providing customer service on demand. If the new subject is a pronoun, it is in the object form (me, him, her, us, them): We just couldn’t imagine Gerry singing in public. Verbs Followed by Infinitive List. decide: We decided to go out for dinner. advise : The doctor generally advised drinking low-fat milk. To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurp—all of these are infinitives. It is not acting as a preposition in this case. Learn …, Words to Use Instead of VERY!! Dread 'Dread' is usually followed by a gerund: Verbs in the infinitive form are not conjugated and do not indicate anything about who is performing an action or at what point in time the action is taking place. The situation warrants investigating Mr. Todd. She acknowledges his working hard on the project. to not like that something that someone does. Verbs which are always followed by -ing English verbs that are used before the infinitive … aim. We aim to increase the speed of delivery. It is important to note the distinction between the gerund verb and the present participle. to help someone with words, thoughts or money. Many different verbs are followed, or can be followed, by a second verb in the infinitive. It’s worth spending some time on the grammar. Remember to turn the lights off. They wouldn't let me stay out late. They volunteered to help with the cooking. A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun. 50+ Important Verbs Followed By INFINITIVES in English, Verbs Followed by Infinitives in English! I shudder to think about all the problems in the world. They guarantee to finish the work before 5 o’clock. We determined to finish the project by the end of next year. Some examples of infinitive verbs include: to be. Kenneth Beare is an English as a Second Language (ESL) teacher and course developer with over three decades of teaching experience. The results appear to support your theory. Would love your thoughts, please comment. hope We hope to hear f 2) 'Zijn' + 'aan het' + infinitive This rule is used to describe a continuous action (infinitive). Chris chose to not visit his friends last weekend. Practice playing scales for 30 minutes every day. Neglect. 14 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning. We postponed traveling to Chicago for a week. We waited to see the doctor for three hours. The students struggle to understand all the grammar. appear. I chanced to give it a taste and it was good. We omitted discussing the new Smith account during the meeting. ask*: I asked to leave early / I asked him to leave early. Verbs that take a gerund or an infinitive with different meanings: Begin. Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. We paid to become informed about the matter. They take the pattern: Verb + noun + infinitive. Note that these lists are taken from our Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson on Gerunds & Infinitives and are in our Resources section for your convenience. appear His health appeared to be better. Infinitives are never conjugated with -ed or -ing at the end because they are not used as verbs in a sentence. in English with ESL printable infographic. Each verb followed by the infinitive is followed by two example sentences to provide context. The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. Note how the gerund and infinitive verbs (italicized) are used within the sample sentences. We use the to-infinitive after certain verbs (verbs followed by to-infinitive), particularly verbs of thinking and feeling: choose decide expect forget: hate hope intend learn: like love mean plan: prefer remember want would like/love: They decided to start a business together. I love to look into shop windows at food." Don’t shun spending time with those you don’t know very well. Two very common verbs – make and let – are followed by the infinitive without to. To find out more about them and see more examples, please click the link at the bottom of this page. Introduction. Common verbs followed by an infinitive: agree appear arrange ask attempt beg can/can’t afford can/can’t wait care chance choose claim come consent dare decide … Download the list without examples and keep it as a reference. List of rhyming words. Verbs marked with two asterix can only be followed by a that-clause when the subject of the Learn 150 useful ways …, Learn common Business Vocabulary list and explanations/definitions. When 'begin' is used in continuous tenses, an infinitive is used: She is beginning to sing. The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. to have. Mack is hurrying to finish the report by 3 this afternoon. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. talk about. All of the verbs listed on on this page are followed by a to-infinitive when the infinitive is used. We resumed speaking about the problem at the meeting. Alice elected to not come with us to the presentation. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this: To + Verb = Infinitive Important Note: Because an infinitive is not a verb, you cannot add s, es, ed, or ing to English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert, Verbs Taking Gerund or Infinitive With a Change in Meaning, Impersonal Subjects Using Gerund and It + Infinitive, Master Verb Tenses With This Sentence Structure Chart, Learn How to Use the Present Continuous Tense, Understanding and Using the Simple Present Tense, Become a Better English Student With These Study Tips. Verbs marked with an asterix can also be followed by a that-clause, as shown in the examples. Return to Gerunds & Infinitives. Infinitives are easy to identify because they’re written with to + a verb. help*: He helped to clean the kitchen / he helped his flatmate to clean the kitchen. to spend. Ask. He understands investing in the stock market. When a verb is in its infinitive state, it has no subject or object. I promise to come over tonight for dinner. PDF Viewer. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. prevent (someone) from. Verbs with to-infinitives. Here are some of the most useful and common infinitive verb list in English with ESL printable infographic. Here are some of the most useful and common. Unfortunately, there are no concrete rules when it comes to the topic of infinitive and -ing verbs but there are indeed some trends. And here are some common verbs followed by 'to' and the infinitive. It is a verb … In English, infinitive verbs are preceded by the word to, as in to speak, to read, or to write. Here is the important verbs that are followed by infinitives: Agree. He’ll explain purchasing online next week. Learn list of verbs followed by infinitives with examples in English. Want additional practice or a chance to show off your new skills? It can be a single word. It's very common to remove the word "to": Can you help me carry these boxes? 1) Transitive verbs and the bare infinitive The transitive verbs describe the recognition of someone else performing an action (infinitive). I remained to finish the work until 8 o’clock. Infinitive are non-finite verbs. In English, some verbs have to be followed by the Gerund (-ING form) while others are followed by the Infinitive (to…). Guide to Grammar and Writing. Verbs + Infinitive Here are some common verbs in English that are followed by the infinitive: decide She decided to study biology, not physics. agree. We’re going to delay meeting until next week. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. Tim reported spending twelve hours on the job. Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive.A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun.An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." When 'begin' is used in non-continuous tenses, you can use a gerund or an infinitive: She began singing. appear. to hold. When you use an infinitive verb, the "to" is a part of the verb. Download the list without examples and keep it as a reference. 50 examples of gerunds, Definition and Example Sentences The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. 8 = verb followed by an infinitive OR an optional noun + an infinitive. Jack appreciates your helping him out with the project. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence. admit: He admitted cheating on the test. We resolved to clean up the house this summer. Studying infinitive verbs is just the beginning of your journey to Spanish mastery! 9 = verb followed by a gerund OR a noun + an infinitive 13 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with a difference in meaning 14 = verb followed by a gerund OR an infinitive with little difference in meaning. She hesitated to say yes, but in the end, did. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. How Many Verb Tenses Are There in English? In Spanish, infinitives are only one word and end in either -ar, -er, or -ir, as in hablar, leer, … The job necessitates lifting heavy objects. He decided to go to university in San Francisco. My parents made me come home early. Definitions, Examples and Verb + Infinitive List Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." Martha consented to instruct the children. Unfortunately, they failed to get enough votes for the measure. Grammar; agree Sarah agreed to help me. It is used to define the action of the verb without tying it to a specific person. These verbs are marked with an asterisk (*) in the list below. Download and study the list with examples in French and English. They are seeking to receive $1,000,000 in damages. Finite verbs are always followed by the infinitives; some are always followed by the gerunds or present participles; others are followed by either gerunds or infinitives. Tom recollects playing baseball as a child. An infinitive is a verbal consisting of to + a verb, and it acts like a subject, direct object, subject complement, adjective, or adverb in a sentence. Highlight the verbs and infinitives as you read the sentences aloud. We offered to help them with their homework. Test your knowledge of gerunds and infinitives with this reference chart. The man neglected to give me all the information. The professors agreed to disagree. Verbs that are followed by other verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive. Tom agreed to help me. It is helpful to learn the list of simple verbs in Table 1. I can’t afford to spend time doing this. Learn useful list of words …. can’t stand, dislike, imagine, involve, mind, miss, put off and risk) can be used with a new subject before the -ing form (underlined in the examples below). Infinitives with and without to - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary The subject in which the names are used in the sentence is used in the case of the object. They defend purchasing the new car because they have two jobs. refrain from. The main reason you need to know about infinitives is because the verbs you learn will be written in their infinitive form. The type of infinitive the verb has ( –ar, –er, or –ir) will determine the conjugation patterns of the verb in different tenses. Arrange. The following list of verbs must be followed by an infinitive; not any other kinds of non-finite verbs… Some of these verbs (e.g. I anticipate visiting New York next month. arrange. His health appeared to be better. Depending on the verb, adjective or noun it follows, we can use the infinitive with or without to e.g.